BACKGROUND
 

The origin and evolution of Public Service Commission in India can be traced back to the democratic demands raised by the Indians and consequence thereof. As far back as 1856 educated Indians raised the demand for admission into the Indian Civil Service, and the Indian National Congress adopted a resolution on its foundation in 1885 demanding holding of simultaneous examination for the I.C.S. both in England and in India. Such demands were supplementary to the demands raised in the Indian National Movement for self-government.

        In the context of such demands the Lee Commission in 1924 also recommended its formation. Then the Government set up the Central Public Service Commission in October,1926.

         The Simon Commission in 1935 provided for setting up of a federal Public Service Commission for the federation and a Public Service Commission for each province. In terms of the provisions of the Govt. of India Act and with its coming into effect on 1st April, 1937 the Central Public Service Commission became the Federal Public Service Commission, and a Public Service Commission was set up in each province, except in cases of certain provinces which formed Joint Public Service Commissions.

        The provisions of the Government of India Act,1935 regarding Public Service Commission were adopted almost in toto in the Constitution of India. This is the background of the emergence of the Bengal Public Service Commission in April,1937 and its transformation as Public Service Commission, West Bengal under the Constitution of India.

         The fathers of the Indian Constitution realized that the democratic system could be maintained only if the civil servants were appointed solely on the basis of merit , by open competition and only then they could carry on the administration independently. The values of independence, impartiality and integrity are the basic determinants of the constitutional conception of Public Service Commission.

         The Public Service Commission, West Bengal is proud of its glorious existence and is pledged to discharge its constitutional obligations faithfully and efficiently in the days to come.